Floods in Israel

Floods in Israel

The following review includes floods that caused loss of life or significant damages exceeding millions of NIS.

Since the establishment of the State of Israel, floods have been the most serious natural disasters that have affected the country.

Particularly serious floods occurred in the north of Israel in January 1969 (on a scale expected to occur once every 200 years). The winter of 1991/2 saw record precipitation in central Israel exceeding that recorded over a century and more. The precipitation caused floods in the coastal streams and significant damage totaling hundreds of millions of dollars in the densely-populated coastal regions. Record floods occurred in the river beds in the Negev, causing particularly extensive damage to the road system.

 


 

 

Date

Event

Location

Fatalities

Financial damage (NIS millions)

Source

Further information

May 8, 2014

Unseasonable floods; floods in Eilat and at Taba Border Crossing

Judean Desert, dry river beds in Arava and Eilat

 

Several million shekels in agricultural damage

Israel Hayom

F1F2F3F4F5

Jan. 7, 2013

Part of Separation Wall collapses in Bat Hefer, 100 homes evacuated, hundreds of homes left without electricity

Throughout Israel

   

Ynet

F1F2F3F4F5

Nov. 18, 2012

Local event of exceptional force creating maximum velocity flood; flooding of quarry at entrance to Eilat

Southern Negev – Nahal Amram and other river beds in area

   

 adssc.org

 

Jan. 1, 2010

Collapse of bridges, damage to roads and infrastructure

Ramat Negev

   

Ramat Negev Regional Council

F1F2

Mar. 2, 2009

Flood

Nahal Tzin

   

Ynet

F1

May 14, 2007

Extreme and sudden rain incident leading to severe flooding (occurring once in 50 years), leading to death of four walkers

Nahal Qumran

4

 

Ha’aretz

F1

Feb. 3, 2006

Flood

Nahal Arava near Eilat

   

Natural Disasters in Israel booklet

F1

Hebrew sources

Oct. 29, 2004

Flood

Dead Sea – Judean Desert and Arava dry stream beds

   

Natural Disasters in Israel booklet

F1

Hebrew sources

Feb. 24-26, 2003

Floods

Throughout Israel

   

Ofakim 79-80

F1F2

Feb. 20-21, 2003

Floods

Central and Northern Israel

   

Soil Erosion Research Station

Hebrew source

Jan. 27-29, 2003

Floods

Northern Israel, Nahal Taninim, eastern Golan Heights

   

Soil Erosion Research Station

Hebrew sourceF1

Jan. 21, 2003

Floods

Tel Aviv and Central Israel

   

Soil Erosion Research Station

Hebrew source

Nov. 5, 2002

Floods

Nahal Harod, Nahal Yosef, Afula – Beit Shemesh highway

   

Soil Erosion Research Station

Hebrew source

Oct. 30-31, 2002

Flood

Jerusalem to Eilat

   

Soil Erosion Research Station

Hebrew source

Oct. 15, 2002

Flood

Between Mehola and Argaman

   

Soil Erosion Research Station

מקור Hebrew source

Oct. 24, 2000

Flooding of homes and roads

Tel Aviv and central Israel

   

Soil Erosion Research Station

מקורק1 Hebrew source

Oct. 14-15, 2000

Floods

Southern Israel

   

Soil Erosion Research Station

מקור Hebrew source

May 1-2, 2001

Flooding

Throughout Israel

   

Soil Erosion Research Station

מקור Hebrew source

Oct. 20, 1997

Flooding, 3 people drowned after their car was swept away

Nahal Kahlon in the Negev, Nachal Yishai in Judean Desert

4

Tens of millions

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 18, 1997

Flooding

Nahal Alexander

 

20

Ha’aretz

Nahal Alexander Drainage Project to Prevent Floods

Jan. 24, 1997

Damage to infrastructure

Ra’anana – Kfar Sava

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 24, 1997

Flooding

Negev, Judean Desert

   

Ha’aretz

 

May 18, 1996

Flooding

   

19

Ha’aretz

Plan to Prevent Floods in Fureidis

Apr. 26, 1996

Flooding

Central Israel, Nahal Ayalon

 

1.4

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 26, 1996

Flooding

Nahal Kaneh (tributary of the Yarkon)

8

2.8

Ha’aretz

Claim submitted to Menorah Insurance Co. for floods of winter of 94

Feb. 16, 1996

Flooding

Nahal Tamar

1

 

Ha’aretz

 

Apr. 27, 1995

Declaration of agricultural natural disaster in communities in the Zichron Yaacov area

Zichron Yaacov, Bat Shlomo, Givat Ada

 

10

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 20, 1995

Flooding

Fureidis

 

27

Ha’aretz

Damages to approx. 200 farmers

Nov. 14, 1994

Flooding

Negev

 

2

Ha’aretz

Damage to Mekorot water company facilities

Nov. 7, 1994

Destruction in Golda Park, roads closed

Nahal Revivim

   

Ha’aretz

 

Nov. 6, 1994

Bodies of men from Kfar Rupin found

Nahal Harod

2

 

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 23, 1992

Flooding

Haifa Bay

 

40

Ha’aretz

Damage to factories

Mar. 2, 1992

Two children swept away in floods

Nahal Ada

2

 

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 2, 1992

Flooding

Throughout Israel

 

288

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 2, 1992

Damage to factories and collapse of buildings

Tefen

 

Millions of dollars

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 28, 1992

Flooding

Kiryat Ata, Kiryat Bialik

 

13.5

Ha’aretz

Damage to apartments

Feb. 27, 1992

Flooding of the bridge over the Yavne-Palmachim road

Throughout Israel, Nahal Sorek

 

30

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 26, 1992

Soldier killed in flood

Nahal Yissachar

1

 

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 19, 1992

Flooding

Galilee + Golan

   

Ha’aretz

Damage to approx. 30,000 dunams of land

Feb. 14, 1992

Flooding

Beit Shean Valley

 

115

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 13, 1992

Floods in Fureidis for fourth time

Nahal Dalia

   

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 10-11, 1992

Floods in Qalansawa for the fourth time, damage to roads

Throughout Israel, Nahal Alexander

   

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 5, 1992

River beds in south flood

Southern Israel

   

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 5, 1992

Ayalon Freeway blocked for third time in the season; floods; Road No. 4 closed

Tel Aviv, Nahal Lachish, Ashdod

 

10

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 2, 1992

Tributaries of the Kishon in the Zippori area cause flooding to homes 4 times

Kiryat Ata

   

Ha’aretz

פסק דין Hebrew court ruling

Jan. 21, 1992

11 areas declared natural disaster zones

Shikma basin, Lachish, Ayalon, Yarkon, Palik, Alexander, Hadera, Menashe, Dalia, Maharal

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 13, 1992

Collapse of wave break causes flooding of neighborhoods

Tel Aviv

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 7, 1992

Floods in warehouses belonging to Kli Zemer and in Champion Motors lots

Tel Aviv

 

19

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 3, 1992

Body of man found on flooded farmland

Kfar Glickson

1

 

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 3, 1992

Damage to Ezra neighborhood in Tel Aviv due to floods

Tel Aviv

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 2, 1992

Driver drowns in river bed course

Nahal Natuf

1

 

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 2, 1992

Body of man swept away in flood found

Pardes Hannah

1

 

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 29, 1991

Occupants of car swept away together with the vehicle

Nahal Sorek, Yavne

3

 

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 15, 1991

Ashdod neighborhoods flooded

Nahal Lachish

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 15, 1991

Bridge collapses

Nahal Sorek, Yavne

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 14, 1991

Nahal Beersheva floods its banks, cutting off the Neve Noy neighborhood

Beersheva

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 12, 1991

Floods

Throughout Israel

 

10

Ha’aretz

Damage to agriculture

Dec. 11, 1991

Volunteer swept away in flood

Nahal Me’arot

1

 

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 11, 1991

Floods in Fureidis

Nahal Dalia

 

0.5

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 4, 1991

Floods on Ayalon Freeway

     

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 4, 1991

2 soldiers swept away in river bed

Nahal Natuf

2

 

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 2, 1991

Debris penetrates water drillings

Gush Dan

   

Ha’aretz

 

Oct. 91 – Mar. 92

Flood season

Throughout Israel

   

Hydrological incidents – winter of 1991/92

ק1

Mar. 25, 1991

Bodies found

Wadi Aro’er

2

 

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 25, 1991

Body found

Mishmar Hanegev (lake)

1

 

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 27, 1991

Roads closed in Negev

Negev

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 5, 1990

Body of man found close to Nevot intersection; massive floods

Beit Shean – Afula

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 5, 1991

Crops destroyed, homes flooded, and roads swept away

Jezreel Valley, Gilboa

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 20, 1987

Reserve duty soldier missing, body of officer found in Nahal Kidron

Ein Fashkha, Nahal Kidron

2

 

Ha’aretz

 

Oct. 21, 1987

Estimate of damages due to floods in Beersheva

Beersheva

 

1.6

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 5, 1987

Body of young man swept away in flood in Nov. 1986 identified

Nahal Shikma

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 20, 1985

Floods

Throughout Israel

   

Ha’aretz

Families evacuated

Jan. 26, 1983

Wells damaged, homes collapse

Jerusalem

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 2, 1983

Blizzards cut off communities in north, power cuts throughout the country

North and throughout Israel

   

Ha’aretz

 

Apr. 12, 1982

Flashflood in Nahal Paran, road blocked

Arava

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 1, 1981

Cloudburst causes floods

Eilat

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 30, 1980

Tourist and 4-year old girl drown in Nahal Zin and Nahal Zohar

Negev

2

 

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 14, 1980

Damage to prefabricated buildings

Bat Yam

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 27, 1980

Body of man found in flooded channel

Wadi Rubin

1

 

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 18, 1980

Two women swept away in river bed

Nahal Habsor

2

 

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 13, 1980

Netanya

     

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 20, 1979

Jordan Valley highway flooded and covered in debris and large stones

Jordan Valley

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 10, 1979

Floods in Ein Yahav and Massada – Ein Gedi road

Dead Sea and Arava

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 7, 1979

Road collapses, serious disruption to traffic, 50 apartments flooded

Tel Aviv and Jerusalem

   

Ha’aretz

 

Nov. 31, 1979

Bridge collapses in Nahalat Binyamin due to strong flow of water in Nahal Ayalon

Tel Aviv

   

Ha’aretz

 

Oct. 23-24, 1979

Two Bedouin children drown, Nahal Beersheva floods, roads blocked

Negev

2

 

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 19, 1978

Estimate of damages in Sha’ar Hanegev and Nahal Shikma

Nahal Shikma and Sha’ar Hanegev

 

1 (IL)

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 25, 1977

Woman swept away, cars rescued by use of ropes

Nahal Shikma and Nahal Tamar

1

 

Ha’aretz

 

Nov. 28, 1976

40 apartments flooded, buildings collapse, power cuts, fields flooded

Northern Israel, Haifa, Tivon

   

Ha’aretz

 

Oct. 26, 1976

Flooding

     

Ha’aretz

Traffic jams caused loss of thousands of work hours

May 22, 1976

Funds allocated to build bridge over Nahal Grar

Negev

 

3 (IL)

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 22, 1976

Be’eri Bridge collapses, dam on Nahal Ha’arava collapses and is renovated

Negev and Arava

   

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 14, 1976

River beds in Judean Desert flood, roads swept

Judean Desert and Arava

   

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 7, 1976

Floods in Tel Aviv

Tel Aviv

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 28, 1975

Body of woman found after she was swept away at Hadodot Bridge

Jordan River

1

 

Ha’aretz

ק1

Dec. 18, 1975

Nahal Be’eri bridge flooded

Nahal Be’eri

   

Ha’aretz

 

Sept. 30, 1975

6 youths swept away and drown in Nahal Dragot

Dead Sea

6

 

Ha’aretz

ק1

Sept. 30, 1975

First winter rains cause floods

Tel Aviv, Ramat Gan, Northern Israel

   

Ma’ariv

ק1

Feb. 20-24, 1975

Damage to infrastructure and agriculture

Arava and Eilat

   

Ben Zvi & Kornitz, The 1975 Floods in Sinai and the Arava

 

Dec. 12, 1974

Nahal Ayalon floods, 3-story building collapses in Shabazi neighborhood, 2 families evacuated

Tel Aviv

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 5, 1974

4 bridges closed due to flooding

Negev

   

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 6, 1974

Estimate of damages to the Arava highway and roads in the Negev

Negev and Arava

 

24 (IL)

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 4, 1974

Allenby Bridge flooded

Jordan River

   

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 21, 1974

Arava highway closed due to flooding of Nahal Paran

Arava

   

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 21, 1974

Family rescued from Nahal Zohar

Jordan Valley

 

5 (IL)

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 15, 1974

Fierce rain, flooding, and disruption to traffic

Tel Aviv

   

Ha’aretz

 

Nov. 11, 1973

Roads damaged and closed

Eilat

 

Hundreds of thousands (IL)

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 31, 1972

Derekh Hashalom flooded (a recurrent phenomenon)

Nahal Ayalon

   

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 22, 1972

River beds impassable

     

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 7, 1972

Floods in Jerusalem, Gethsemane Church flooded

Jerusalem

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 26, 1972

Car swept away

Nahal Hever

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 18, 1972

50 apartments flooded

Jerusalem

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 30, 1971

Dozens of cars swept away and rescued

Sdom

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 9, 1971

Floods and disruption to traffic

Throughout Israel

   

Ha’aretz

 

Nov. 19, 1971

Homes flooded, Jericho – Ein Gedi road blocked

Jerusalem

   

Ha’aretz

 

Apr. 18, 1971

7,000 dunams of land flooded in the reclaimed area

Hula Valley

   

Ha’aretz

 

Apr. 18, 1971

Water facility flooded and put out of use

Kibbutz Masada

   

Ha’aretz

 

Apr. 14, 1971

Homes flooded, roads cut off, Allenby Bridge flooded

Jerusalem, Jordan River

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 17, 1971

Severe flooding

Kfar Sava, Ra’anana, Herzliya

   

Ha’aretz

 

Nov. 8, 1970

Floods in Nahal Paran and Nahal Tzofar, road to Eilat cut off, cars trapped between the two streams, roads swept away

Eilat and Arava

   

Ha’aretz

 

Nov. 11, 1969

Government allocates funds for repair of damaged drainage channels

   

2 (IL)

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 27, 1969

Allenby Bridge closed due to mud

Jordan Valley

 

0.4 (IL)

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 20, 1969

Damage since January at Argaman Beach

Netanya

   

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 7, 1969

40,000 dunams of the reclaimed area in the Hula flooded

Throughout Israel

 

10 (IL)

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 3, 1969

Damage to drainage system

Throughout Israel

 

1.5 (IL)

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 3, 1969

8,500 dunams of farmland flooded

Throughout Israel

 

Hundreds of thousands of IL

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 3, 1969

Damage to farms in Na’aman regional council

Na’aman regional council

 

4 (IL)

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 30, 1969

Snow causes collapse of supporting wall in Abu Tor

Jerusalem

2

 

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 30, 1969

40 houses collapse

Judea and Samaria

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 30, 1969

Floods in communities around the Sea of Galilee

Sea of Galilee

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 26, 1969

Floods in Herzliya Pituach and Kishon, homes evacuated

Herzliya, Kishon

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 28, 1969

Kinneret overflows, Allenby Bridge flooded and closed

Jordan Valley

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 26, 1969

Synagogue in Moshav Tohelet collapses

Lod

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 24, 1969

8,000 chicks drown, 250 beehives swept away, 1,100 mm. of rain in Yagur

Ein Hamifratz, Yagur

 

Hundreds of thousands of IL

Ha’aretz

IDF Engineering Corps installs walkway for pedestrians

Jan. 19-23, 1969

Wadi Shomriya floods, blocking the Haifa-Nazareth highway, Kishon floods, flooding in homes and factories in Yagur and Eilat, Sea of Galilee rises to 208.3 m.

Western Galilee, Haifa, Nazareth, Yagur, Eilat

   

Ofakim 1

ק1ק2ק3

Jan. 13-14, 1969

Peak flows in the Northern Jordan river and northern Israel rivers. Flooding in Nahal Ayalon and Ezra neighborhood of Tel Aviv, river beds flood

Tel Aviv, Western Galilee

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 3, 1969

80 meter section of the Haifa-Nahariya railroad swept away, floods

Haifa-Nahariya, Bustan Hagalil

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 29, 1968

Strong flow in Galilee streams, Allenby Bridge flooded and closed for three weeks

Nahal Beit Ha’emek, Nahal Kaziv, Nahal Ga’aton

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 16, 1968

Jerusalem Blvd. in Jaffa flooded

Jaffa

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 10, 1968

Southern Israel cut off, Erez road closed, flooding in Tel Aviv

Southern Israel, Tel Aviv

   

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 8, 1968

Unusually heavy rains (337/365 mm)

Akko

   

Ha’aretz

 

May 27, 1968

Flooding

Eilat

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 21-22, 1968

Bridge leading to Moshav Avadon flooded, damage to infrastructures

Hula, Beit Hillel, Nahal Kaziv

   

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 24, 1967

Land flooded due to rising level of eastern channel of the Jordan River

Holata, Shamir, Hula Valley settlements

   

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 2, 1967

Drainage channel constructed after flooding occurs 3 times

Beit Shikma, Geah, Talme Yaffe

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 29, 1967

Floods due to strong flow in Nahal Shikma

Beit Shikma, Geah, Talme Yaffe

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 24, 1967

Bloods in Beit Shikma, communities cut off

Geah, Talmei Yaffe

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 19, 1967

Floods and communities cut off, Nahal Ayalon overflows

Beit Shikma, Geah, Talmei Yaffe, Nahal Ayalon

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 5, 1967

Truck carrying soldiers swept away in Nahal Shikma

Nahal Shikma

   

Ha’aretz

 

Nov. 14, 1966

Cloudburst destroys 250 dunams of vegetables, river beds blocked, fields flooded due to forestry works by the JNF

Menachemya

 

0.5 (IL)

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 11, 1966

Flooding

Between Eilat and Yotvata

   

Natural Disasters in Israel booklet

ק1

Nov. 24, 1964

Damage to crops, buildings, and to Jaffa Port

North, Galilee, Ohalo, Akko, Central Israel

 

0.36 IL

Ha’aretz

 

July 13, 1964

Damage to water facilities due to rising level of Sea of Galilee, part of the Tzemach-Ma’agan road collapses

Southern Sea of Galilee

   

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 22, 1964

4,000 dunams of farmland flooded for third time

Hula Valley

   

Ha’aretz

 

Mar. 8, 1964

80,000 tons of citrus fruit lost

Coastal plain

 

3.2 IL

Ha’aretz

 

Dec. 10, 1963

Land flooded, damage to agriculture, Ayalon Bridge flooded

Lachish area, Central Israel

   

Ha’aretz

 

Jan. 28,1963

Floods in Hula Valley due to topographical changes following the reclamation project

Hula Valley

 

0.5 IL

Ha’aretz

 

Feb. 7, 1957

10,000 dunams of farmland flooded, 2,500 dunams of wheat and hundreds of dunams of vegetables damaged

Hula, Jordan Valley

   

Ha’aretz